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The  basic  principles  of  the  direct  method  approach  are:

Teach  language  inductively:  In  this  method,  we  don’t  explain  the  rules  to  the  students;  we   let  them  figure  it  out  for  themselves.  We  challenge  them  and  guide  them  to  the  correct   use  of  the  language,  but  we  also  force  them  to  think  through  things  as  they  learn.


Only  use  the  target  language:  Our  goal  is  to  not  have  the  students  translating  from  their   mother  tongue  but  to  learn  instead  to  think  in  the  foreign  language.  When  a  person   learned  their  first  language,  there  was  no  translation  from  another  language;  they  had   nothing  to  base  it  on.  The  direct  method  approach  believes  in  trying  to  mimic  first   language  acquisition. 

 

Oral  communication  is  the  main  objective: The  direct  approach  focuses  on  speaking  far   more  than  the  importance  of  reading  and  writing.  This  practice  is  the  complete  opposite   of  the  grammar-­‐translation  approach,  where  students  learn  all  of  the  rules  of  a  language   but  often  cannot  speak  or  communicate  effectively  in  the  second  language.  Using  the   direct  method,  we  encourage  our  students  to  speak,  even  to  make  grammatical  mistakes,   so  they  can  get  their  point  across  and  put  into  practice  what  they  are  learning.